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NASA's Involvement in the Jakarta Grand Design for Air Quality

Observing Air Pollution over Greater Jakarta (JABODETABEK = Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, and Bekasi) from Space

The Jakarta region as viewed from space (Landsat image).

On March 28, 2018, Bryan Duncan (NASA) met with the Deputy Governor for Spatial Planning and Environment, Mr. Oswar Muadzin Mungkasa, at the Governor of DKI Jakarta Province Office to discuss an informal collaboration between NASA and the city government of Jakarta, Indonesia to determine the feasibility of using NASA satellite data for urban problems (e.g., air and water quality, sea-level rise, flooding, etc.). This meeting was arranged through the auspices of the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) internal task group, called Urban Environments. Both parties (NASA, DKI Jakarta Province Office) agreed to move forward with an informal collaboration, with a first goal to focus on air quality. Duncan was tasked with developing a brief plan of the collaboration with DKI Jakarta Province Office, which he submitted on June 29, 2018. Hereafter, this proposed informal collaboration will be referred to as the “collaboration”. Prof. Puji Lestari (Institut Teknologi Bandung), who has expertise in Indonesian pollution and a working relationship with Mr. Mungkasa, has agreed to work as an advisor for this collaboration. This collaboration has since been folded into the larger Grand Design for Air Quality effort, which is led by DKI Jakarta and UNICEF.

This webpage will be populated over time with NASA model output and satellite data that are relevant to air quality over Greater Jakarta.

NASA Global Modeling & Assimilation Office (GMAO) Air Quality Forecasts

Visit the NASA GMAO user interface to explore the air quality forecasts for Indonesia and Indonesia cities.

Find out more about the NASA GMAO air quality forecast system on the Forecast tab.

Figures: Two examples of the types of ready-made plots and animations of Indonesia (top) and Jakarta (bottom) that may be downloaded from the NASA GMAO Air Quality Forecast System website.

Satellite Data

Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) NO2 Trends

Figure. (left) OMI NO2 over western Java in 2005 and 2016. (right) OMI NO2 annual mean concentration. The figure shows that NO2 decreased by about 40% from 2005 to 2016 over JABODETABEK. Plot courtesy of Dr. Melanie Follette-Cook (NASA).

Presentations & Documents

  • Initial meeting between Mr. Oswar Mungkasa & Bryan Duncan: March 26, 2018
  • Proposal for a collaboration between Mr. Oswar Mungkasa & NASA: June 29, 2018

Relevant Papers

  • Kusumaningtyas et al., The recent state of ambient air quality in Jakarta, Aerosol and Air Quality Research Journal, Volume 18, Issue 4, 30 March 2018.

HAQAST Lead: Dr. Bryan N. Duncan (

Other Participants: Prof. Puji Lestari (Institut Teknologi Bandung), Dr. Robert Field (Columbia University)

Stakeholder Partners: Mr. Oswar Mungkasa (Governor of DKI Jakarta Province Office), Indonesian Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysical Agency (Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi, dan Geofisika, BMKG)