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Middle East

Middle East Dust Storm

Middle East

There were large changes in OMI NO2 levels over the Middle East from 2005 to 2016.  Large increases, such as over the Nile River Valley and Delta (Egypt) and Tehran (Iran), may reflect energy usage increases associated with a growing population.  Large increases also occurred over the Persian Gulf and the oil fields of Iraq.  Civil strife in the region led to large decreases over Syria and increases in neighboring countries, such as Lebanon and southern Turkey, where many Syrians migrated.  Large decreases over Dubai (United Arab Emirates) resulted from environmental regulations

Image Credit: 
SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, and ORBIMAGE

Kabul

Data Plot
Line Graph
Change in NO2: 
53.62
2016 Avg. NO2: 
1.39

Tehran

Tehran Line Plot 2005-2016
Change in NO2: 
14.02
2016 Avg. NO2: 
11.37

Istanbul

Istanbul Line Plot 2005-2016
Change in NO2: 
-14.28
2016 Avg. NO2: 
5.96

Cairo

Cairo Line Plot 2005-2016
Change in NO2: 
12.35
2016 Avg. NO2: 
4.85

Kuwait City

Kuwait City City Trend 2005-2016
Kuwait City Line Plot 2005-2016
Change in NO2: 
8.83
2016 Avg. NO2: 
5.85

Aleppo

Aleppo Line Plot 2005-2016
Change in NO2: 
-47.17
2016 Avg. NO2: 
2.35

Beirut

Beirut Line Plot 2005-2016
Change in NO2: 
95.68
2016 Avg. NO2: 
3.50

Jerusalem

Jerusalem Line Plot 2005-2016
Change in NO2: 
-14.16
2016 Avg. NO2: 
3.06

Damascus

Damascus Line Plot 2005-2016
Change in NO2: 
-40.68
2016 Avg. NO2: 
2.93