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Middle East

Middle East Dust Storm

Middle East

There were large changes in OMI NO2 levels over the Middle East from 2005 to 2016.  Large increases, such as over the Nile River Valley and Delta (Egypt) and Tehran (Iran), may reflect energy usage increases associated with a growing population.  Large increases also occurred over the Persian Gulf and the oil fields of Iraq.  Civil strife in the region led to large decreases over Syria and increases in neighboring countries, such as Lebanon and southern Turkey, where many Syrians migrated.  Large decreases over Dubai (United Arab Emirates) resulted from environmental regulations

Image Credit: 
SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, and ORBIMAGE

Tehran

Change in NO2: 
12.11
2020 Avg. NO2: 
1.39

Riyadh

Change in NO2: 
-35.62
2020 Avg. NO2: 
6.28

Mosul

Change in NO2: 
57.89
2020 Avg. NO2: 
3.51

Mecca

Change in NO2: 
-12.62
2020 Avg. NO2: 
2.82

Kuwait City

Change in NO2: 
-6.44
2020 Avg. NO2: 
6.69

Kirkuk

Change in NO2: 
54.53
2020 Avg. NO2: 
3.02

Kabul

Data Plot
Line Graph
Change in NO2: 
76.73
2020 Avg. NO2: 
2.18

Jerusalem

Change in NO2: 
-29.20
2020 Avg. NO2: 
2.49

Istanbul

Change in NO2: 
-16.33
2020 Avg. NO2: 
5.91