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Europe

There are large decreases in OMI NO2 levels from 2005 to 2016 over European cities, which are due to tightening vehicle emission standards.  The largest decreases (−45-−55%) occur over the major cities of the Iberian Peninsula (Madrid and Barcelona (Spain), Lisbon (Portugal)) and Athens (Greece).  Some of the decrease in Spain and Greece may have occurred as their economies have been slow to recover after the global economic recession that began in 2008.  Large decreases occurred over other major cities, such as Paris, London (United Kingdom), Moscow (Russia), and those in the Netherlands, Belgium, and the industrialized Po River Valley (Italy) and Ruhr region (Germany).

European Regional Changes in NO2, 2005-2016

Image Credit: 
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

The trend map of Europe shows the change in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from 2005 to 2016.

Data Colorbar

Regional Data

Select from the cities below to find data and plots specific to each location. To sort, simply click on one of the column headings.

Region: Europe
City Country Region 2016 Avg. NO2 Change (%) Uncertainty (±%)
Reykjavik Iceland Europe 0.31 13.11 28.45
Plymouth United Kingdom Europe 1.69 -28.60 18.39
Aberdeen United Kingdom Europe 1.87 -22.75 14.71
Belfast United Kingdom Europe 1.90 -20.96 13.77
Dublin Ireland Europe 1.92 -43.83 15.16
Odessa Ukraine Europe 2.07 -8.11 11.92
Vladivostok Russia Europe 2.08 -4.38 12.22
Stockholm Sweden Europe 2.11 -11.29 13.23
Helsinki Finland Europe 2.25 -20.89 18.27
Glasgow United Kingdom Europe 2.31 -23.04 14.80
Oslo Norway Europe 2.36 -21.24 16.36
Sofia Bulgaria Europe 2.45 -25.19 11.47
Bordeaux France Europe 2.48 -35.97 11.20
Edinburgh United Kingdom Europe 2.74 -35.34 12.86
Newcastle on Tyne United Kingdom Europe 2.87 -29.20 14.62
Bucharest Romania Europe 2.95 -20.82 8.04
Belgrade Serbia Europe 2.96 -10.80 16.05
Copenhagen Denmark Europe 3.33 -23.81 11.78
Rome Italy Europe 3.46 -49.66 7.76
Bristol United Kingdom Europe 3.49 -27.38 16.55
Naples Italy Europe 3.59 -47.41 8.97
Liverpool United Kingdom Europe 3.76 -33.34 22.86
Marseilles France Europe 3.79 -48.68 8.32
Lisbon Portugal Europe 3.93 -55.85 8.83
Munich Germany Europe 4.01 -29.20 16.58
Zurich Switzerland Europe 4.02 -17.88 16.07
Athens Greece Europe 4.22 -59.09 8.89
Budapest Hungary Europe 4.39 -28.03 11.47
Lyons France Europe 4.44 -43.72 11.02
Vienna Austria Europe 4.47 -26.53 9.81
Warsaw Poland Europe 4.59 -6.24 12.19
Prague Czech Republic Europe 4.69 -20.69 12.76
Hamburg Germany Europe 4.76 -17.68 12.56
Berlin Germany Europe 4.79 -26.52 19.34
Bremen Germany Europe 4.82 -7.21 14.03
Birmingham United Kingdom Europe 5.27 -41.50 14.65
Saint Petersburg Russia Europe 5.62 -26.29 11.82
Manchester United Kingdom Europe 5.99 -32.71 14.54
Leeds United Kingdom Europe 6.13 -27.16 13.23
Barcelona Spain Europe 6.32 -48.30 7.63
Venice Italy Europe 6.73 -29.75 10.69
Madrid Spain Europe 7.73 -57.54 8.88
Frankfurt Germany Europe 7.96 -23.10 12.79
Paris France Europe 8.29 -49.67 11.14
Amsterdam Netherlands Europe 8.44 -24.16 11.36
Brussels Belgium Europe 8.47 -29.00 12.31
London United Kingdom Europe 9.02 -45.00 11.02
Milan Italy Europe 11.19 -47.59 9.94
Moscow Russia Europe 11.34 -36.68 20.11
Essen Germany Europe 11.65 -33.90 9.57