Smog in Shanghai, China

Europe

There are large decreases in OMI NO2 levels from 2005 to 2016 over European cities, which are due to tightening vehicle emission standards.  The largest decreases (−45-−55%) occur over the major cities of the Iberian Peninsula (Madrid and Barcelona (Spain), Lisbon (Portugal)) and Athens (Greece).  Some of the decrease in Spain and Greece may have occurred as their economies have been slow to recover after the global economic recession that began in 2008.  Large decreases occurred over other major cities, such as Paris, London (United Kingdom), Moscow (Russia), and those in the Netherlands, Belgium, and the industrialized Po River Valley (Italy) and Ruhr region (Germany).

European Regional Changes in NO2, 2005-2016

European Regional Changes in NO2, 2005-2016
Image Credit: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

The trend map of Europe shows the change in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from 2005 to 2016.

Europe color bar

 

City Country Region 2021 Average NO2 Change (%) Uncertainty (±%)
Porto Tolle

Italy

Europe 4.046e+15 -31.1916 12.34
Porcheville

France

Europe 3.227e+15 -47.3400 12.15
Azerbaijan TPP

Azerbaijan

Europe 1.779e+15 -3.32576 9.00
Zainskaya GRES

Russia

Europe 1.513e+15 -9.60238 15.45
Surgutskaya GRES 2

Russia

Europe 1.128e+15 -24.7089 8.38
Stavropolskaya GRES

Russia

Europe 1.697e+15 -7.78812 9.38
Permskaya

Russia

Europe 1.254e+15 -9.02244 14.75
Nizhnevartovskaya

Russia

Europe 7.697e+14 -32.3822 8.99
Krostromskaya

Russia

Europe 2.022e+15 -12.1158 16.30
Konakovskaya

Russia

Europe 2.123e+15 -17.1269 15.94
Kirishskaya GRES

Russia

Europe 1.360e+15 -12.5082 12.96
Iriklinskaya

Russia

Europe 9.007e+14 -16.7579 14.16
CHP 23

Russia

Europe 7.966e+15 -47.5137 12.19
Eems

Netherlands

Europe 3.025e+15 -26.4881 10.99
Montalto

Italy

Europe 1.224e+15 -27.5443 7.79
Gersteinwerk

Germany

Europe 4.939e+15 -39.0788 12.13
Lukoml Thermal Power Plant Belarus

Belarus

Europe 1.116e+15 -12.9741 17.04
West Burton

UK

Europe 4.041e+15 -61.8603 8.61
Cottam

UK

Europe 3.837e+15 -61.6277 8.58
Zmiivska power station

Ukraine

Europe 1.622e+15 -39.3465 17.70
Zaporizhia power station

Ukraine

Europe 2.205e+15 -27.0293 9.31
Vuglegirska power station

Ukraine

Europe 2.686e+15 -38.9569 12.45
Burshtyn power station

Ukraine

Europe 1.831e+15 6.33254 12.42
Troitskaya GRES

Russia

Europe 9.244e+14 -45.7854 15.55
Reftinskaya GRES

Russia

Europe 2.942e+15 -29.9889 12.65
Novocherkasskaya GRES

Russia

Europe 2.596e+15 -10.1647 11.53
Berezovskaya GRES

Russia

Europe 1.076e+15 -14.3430 13.94
Kozienice

Poland

Europe 2.652e+15 -25.7885 13.25
Belchatow

Poland

Europe 3.845e+15 -27.9487 11.68
Moldavskaya GRES

Moldova

Europe 1.661e+15 5.65631 9.55
Brindisi Sud power station

Italy

Europe 1.749e+15 -28.2738 6.95
Niederaussem power station

Germany

Europe 6.774e+15 -43.7643 8.75
Neurath power station

Germany

Europe 6.747e+15 -43.0069 8.88
Janschwalde power station

Germany

Europe 3.769e+15 -16.4800 12.04
Boxberg power station

Germany

Europe 3.663e+15 -12.9805 11.48
BoA 2

Germany

Europe 6.747e+15 -43.0069 8.88
Kherson

Ukraine

Europe 1.594e+15 -0.907160 9.32
Donetsk

Ukraine

Europe 2.851e+15 -37.7126 11.26
Kharkiv

Ukraine

Europe 1.935e+15 -30.3445 17.73
Mariupol

Ukraine

Europe 1.975e+15 -36.7918 7.55
Kyiv

Ukraine

Europe 2.503e+15 -20.7838 13.41
Port of Dunkirk

France

Europe 4.528e+15 -46.0707 10.72
Brandenburg

Germany

Europe 3.172e+15 -26.5897 11.84
Yerevan

Armenia

Europe 2.206e+15 29.8018 14.77
Vilnius

Lithuania

Europe 1.499e+15 12.7821 15.24
Tbilisi

Georgia

Europe 1.619e+15 17.4324 10.64
Tallinn

Estonia

Europe 1.104e+15 0.213837 10.90
Riga

Latvia

Europe 1.178e+15 1.77816 12.44
Minsk

Belarus

Europe 1.569e+15 -16.7031 13.47
Baku

Azerbaijan

Europe 3.042e+15 30.7511 9.55
Port of Ghent

Belgium

Europe 6.038e+15 -46.3783 10.95
Newcastle on Tyne

England

Europe 2.194e+15 -34.4576 11.06
Saint Petersburg

Russia

Europe 3.498e+15 -25.1631 9.09
Plymouth

England

Europe 1.327e+15 -30.6883 12.23
Bristol

England

Europe 2.264e+15 -49.8013 12.20
Liverpool

England

Europe 2.201e+15 -47.2975 16.66
Leeds

England

Europe 3.511e+15 -49.8567 13.55
Manchester

England

Europe 3.366e+15 -59.0115 11.36
Birmingham

England

Europe 3.081e+15 -53.7590 11.04
Belfast

Northern Ireland

Europe 1.514e+15 -36.5319 9.08
Aberdeen

Scotland

Europe 1.324e+15 -33.6171 8.75
Edinburgh

Scotland

Europe 1.865e+15 -49.9464 8.98
Glasgow

Scotland

Europe 1.582e+15 -41.6188 12.03
London

United Kingdom

Europe 4.780e+15 -58.9777 10.66
Odessa

Ukraine

Europe 1.926e+15 -10.8881 8.33
Zurich

Switzerland

Europe 2.811e+15 -28.7843 9.22
Stockholm

Sweden

Europe 1.507e+15 -25.4325 7.28
Barcelona

Spain

Europe 3.176e+15 -54.2173 5.34
Madrid

Spain

Europe 3.227e+15 -56.8119 6.09
Belgrade

Serbia

Europe 3.316e+15 -15.7182 8.79
Vladivostok

Russia

Europe 2.218e+15 -4.59428 12.07
Moscow

Russia

Europe 7.810e+15 -47.3084 12.04
Bucharest

Romania

Europe 2.637e+15 -15.1587 6.84
Lisbon

Portugal

Europe 1.879e+15 -42.2720 7.06
Warsaw

Poland

Europe 3.147e+15 -22.3984 15.74
Oslo

Norway

Europe 1.560e+15 -31.1152 9.34
Amsterdam

Netherlands

Europe 4.507e+15 -29.2377 10.48
Venice

Italy

Europe 4.900e+15 -44.5899 7.12
Naples

Italy

Europe 2.479e+15 -39.7403 6.97
Rome

Italy

Europe 2.125e+15 -50.2306 5.51
Milan

Italy

Europe 7.175e+15 -51.8521 6.34
Dublin

Ireland

Europe 1.467e+15 -29.5891 9.65
Reykjavik

Iceland

Europe 3.196e+14 -7.97073 18.97
Budapest

Hungary

Europe 3.359e+15 -22.0606 8.32
Athens

Greece

Europe 2.930e+15 -45.8480 7.45
Bremen

Germany

Europe 3.750e+15 -27.3962 12.31
Munich

Germany

Europe 2.690e+15 -25.5527 11.18
Hamburg

Germany

Europe 3.565e+15 -29.5637 12.32
Frankfurt

Germany

Europe 5.206e+15 -39.1340 10.45
Berlin

Germany

Europe 3.668e+15 -27.9769 11.05
Essen

Germany

Europe 7.380e+15 -44.7486 7.63
Bordeaux

France

Europe 1.596e+15 -34.9013 7.43
Marseilles

France

Europe 2.211e+15 -51.8434 6.35
Lyons

France

Europe 2.454e+15 -41.1181 6.84
Paris

France

Europe 4.501e+15 -54.7252 8.47
Helsinki

Finland

Europe 1.431e+15 -29.4102 8.32
Copenhagen

Denmark

Europe 2.126e+15 -36.5057 10.88
Prague

Czech Republic

Europe 3.997e+15 -19.0529 11.53
Sofia

Bulgaria

Europe 1.989e+15 -17.0062 10.26
Brussels

Belgium

Europe 5.481e+15 -47.8768 9.62
Vienna

Austria

Europe 3.456e+15 -24.4911 9.92