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Europe

There are large decreases in OMI NO2 levels from 2005 to 2016 over European cities, which are due to tightening vehicle emission standards.  The largest decreases (−45-−55%) occur over the major cities of the Iberian Peninsula (Madrid and Barcelona (Spain), Lisbon (Portugal)) and Athens (Greece).  Some of the decrease in Spain and Greece may have occurred as their economies have been slow to recover after the global economic recession that began in 2008.  Large decreases occurred over other major cities, such as Paris, London (United Kingdom), Moscow (Russia), and those in the Netherlands, Belgium, and the industrialized Po River Valley (Italy) and Ruhr region (Germany).

European Regional Changes in NO2, 2005-2016

Image Credit: 
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

The trend map of Europe shows the change in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from 2005 to 2016.

Data Colorbar

Regional Data

Select from the cities below to find data and plots specific to each location. To sort, simply click on one of the column headings.

Region: Europe
City Country Region 2016 Avg. NO2 Change (%) Uncertainty (±%)
Athens Greece Europe 4.22 -59.09 8.89
Madrid Spain Europe 7.73 -57.54 8.88
Lisbon Portugal Europe 3.93 -55.85 8.83
Paris France Europe 8.29 -49.67 11.14
Rome Italy Europe 3.46 -49.66 7.76
Marseilles France Europe 3.79 -48.68 8.32
Barcelona Spain Europe 6.32 -48.30 7.63
Milan Italy Europe 11.19 -47.59 9.94
Naples Italy Europe 3.59 -47.41 8.97
London United Kingdom Europe 9.02 -45.00 11.02
Dublin Ireland Europe 1.92 -43.83 15.16
Lyons France Europe 4.44 -43.72 11.02
Birmingham United Kingdom Europe 5.27 -41.50 14.65
Moscow Russia Europe 11.34 -36.68 20.11
Bordeaux France Europe 2.48 -35.97 11.20
Edinburgh United Kingdom Europe 2.74 -35.34 12.86
Essen Germany Europe 11.65 -33.90 9.57
Liverpool United Kingdom Europe 3.76 -33.34 22.86
Manchester United Kingdom Europe 5.99 -32.71 14.54
Venice Italy Europe 6.73 -29.75 10.69
Munich Germany Europe 4.01 -29.20 16.58
Newcastle on Tyne United Kingdom Europe 2.87 -29.20 14.62
Brussels Belgium Europe 8.47 -29.00 12.31
Plymouth United Kingdom Europe 1.69 -28.60 18.39
Budapest Hungary Europe 4.39 -28.03 11.47
Bristol United Kingdom Europe 3.49 -27.38 16.55
Leeds United Kingdom Europe 6.13 -27.16 13.23
Vienna Austria Europe 4.47 -26.53 9.81
Berlin Germany Europe 4.79 -26.52 19.34
Saint Petersburg Russia Europe 5.62 -26.29 11.82
Sofia Bulgaria Europe 2.45 -25.19 11.47
Amsterdam Netherlands Europe 8.44 -24.16 11.36
Copenhagen Denmark Europe 3.33 -23.81 11.78
Frankfurt Germany Europe 7.96 -23.10 12.79
Glasgow United Kingdom Europe 2.31 -23.04 14.80
Aberdeen United Kingdom Europe 1.87 -22.75 14.71
Oslo Norway Europe 2.36 -21.24 16.36
Belfast United Kingdom Europe 1.90 -20.96 13.77
Helsinki Finland Europe 2.25 -20.89 18.27
Bucharest Romania Europe 2.95 -20.82 8.04
Prague Czech Republic Europe 4.69 -20.69 12.76
Zurich Switzerland Europe 4.02 -17.88 16.07
Hamburg Germany Europe 4.76 -17.68 12.56
Stockholm Sweden Europe 2.11 -11.29 13.23
Belgrade Serbia Europe 2.96 -10.80 16.05
Odessa Ukraine Europe 2.07 -8.11 11.92
Bremen Germany Europe 4.82 -7.21 14.03
Warsaw Poland Europe 4.59 -6.24 12.19
Vladivostok Russia Europe 2.08 -4.38 12.22
Reykjavik Iceland Europe 0.31 13.11 28.45