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Europe

There are large decreases in OMI NO2 levels from 2005 to 2016 over European cities, which are due to tightening vehicle emission standards.  The largest decreases (−45-−55%) occur over the major cities of the Iberian Peninsula (Madrid and Barcelona (Spain), Lisbon (Portugal)) and Athens (Greece).  Some of the decrease in Spain and Greece may have occurred as their economies have been slow to recover after the global economic recession that began in 2008.  Large decreases occurred over other major cities, such as Paris, London (United Kingdom), Moscow (Russia), and those in the Netherlands, Belgium, and the industrialized Po River Valley (Italy) and Ruhr region (Germany).

European Regional Changes in NO2, 2005-2016

Image Credit: 
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

The trend map of Europe shows the change in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from 2005 to 2016.

Data Colorbar

Regional Data

Select from the cities below to find data and plots specific to each location. To sort, simply click on one of the column headings.

Region: Europe
City Country Region 2020 Avg. NO2 Change (%) Uncertainty (±%)
Moscow Russia Europe 7.53 -57.02 13.07
Manchester United Kingdom Europe 3.87 -56.71 12.80
London United Kingdom Europe 4.83 -56.51 11.85
Paris France Europe 4.15 -55.90 9.78
Madrid Spain Europe 3.88 -54.19 7.44
Edinburgh United Kingdom Europe 1.70 -53.98 10.70
Liverpool United Kingdom Europe 2.43 -53.56 21.87
Barcelona Spain Europe 3.07 -53.20 6.44
Birmingham United Kingdom Europe 3.29 -53.06 12.78
Marseilles France Europe 1.99 -51.97 7.60
Athens Greece Europe 2.72 -50.54 8.48
Milan Italy Europe 7.30 -50.43 7.85
Rome Italy Europe 2.18 -50.06 6.75
Bristol United Kingdom Europe 2.36 -49.41 16.26
Leeds United Kingdom Europe 3.31 -46.76 16.20
Lyons France Europe 2.20 -44.74 9.47
Lisbon Portugal Europe 1.89 -44.18 7.84
Brussels Belgium Europe 5.35 -44.17 10.90
Naples Italy Europe 2.61 -44.12 8.38
Dublin Ireland Europe 1.43 -44.00 13.28
Glasgow United Kingdom Europe 1.84 -42.80 12.67
Venice Italy Europe 4.54 -40.83 9.19
Essen Germany Europe 7.50 -40.33 9.01
Frankfurt Germany Europe 4.53 -39.46 12.69
Bordeaux France Europe 1.52 -39.24 9.56
Plymouth United Kingdom Europe 1.09 -38.96 16.30
Oslo Norway Europe 1.41 -37.45 12.87
Copenhagen Denmark Europe 2.16 -37.40 12.39
Helsinki Finland Europe 1.33 -36.42 11.03
Newcastle on Tyne United Kingdom Europe 2.24 -36.25 13.68
Belfast United Kingdom Europe 1.78 -35.80 10.94
Stockholm Sweden Europe 1.15 -33.99 11.39
Aberdeen United Kingdom Europe 1.53 -33.67 11.00
Berlin Germany Europe 3.58 -30.88 14.26
Saint Petersburg Russia Europe 3.52 -29.52 12.69
Hamburg Germany Europe 4.16 -27.82 13.41
Warsaw Poland Europe 2.73 -27.38 20.01
Vienna Austria Europe 3.11 -26.29 12.27
Munich Germany Europe 2.94 -25.64 13.26
Sofia Bulgaria Europe 2.05 -25.48 12.46
Budapest Hungary Europe 3.16 -24.70 11.68
Zurich Switzerland Europe 2.96 -24.64 11.74
Prague Czech Republic Europe 3.57 -22.28 14.42
Bremen Germany Europe 4.10 -22.20 13.14
Amsterdam Netherlands Europe 4.83 -22.17 12.66
Bucharest Romania Europe 2.96 -19.36 8.54
Odessa Ukraine Europe 1.94 -14.70 9.91
Belgrade Serbia Europe 3.32 -11.79 11.67
Vladivostok Russia Europe 2.34 -8.69 15.61
Reykjavik Iceland Europe 2.72 0.74 26.53