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Europe

There are large decreases in OMI NO2 levels from 2005 to 2016 over European cities, which are due to tightening vehicle emission standards.  The largest decreases (−45-−55%) occur over the major cities of the Iberian Peninsula (Madrid and Barcelona (Spain), Lisbon (Portugal)) and Athens (Greece).  Some of the decrease in Spain and Greece may have occurred as their economies have been slow to recover after the global economic recession that began in 2008.  Large decreases occurred over other major cities, such as Paris, London (United Kingdom), Moscow (Russia), and those in the Netherlands, Belgium, and the industrialized Po River Valley (Italy) and Ruhr region (Germany).

European Regional Changes in NO2, 2005-2016

Image Credit: 
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

The trend map of Europe shows the change in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from 2005 to 2016.

Data Colorbar

Regional Data

Select from the cities below to find data and plots specific to each location. To sort, simply click on one of the column headings.

Region: Europe
City Country Region 2020 Avg. NO2 Change (%) Uncertainty (±%)
Reykjavik Iceland Europe 2.72 0.74 26.53
Vladivostok Russia Europe 2.34 -8.69 15.61
Belgrade Serbia Europe 3.32 -11.79 11.67
Odessa Ukraine Europe 1.94 -14.70 9.91
Bucharest Romania Europe 2.96 -19.36 8.54
Amsterdam Netherlands Europe 4.83 -22.17 12.66
Bremen Germany Europe 4.10 -22.20 13.14
Prague Czech Republic Europe 3.57 -22.28 14.42
Zurich Switzerland Europe 2.96 -24.64 11.74
Budapest Hungary Europe 3.16 -24.70 11.68
Sofia Bulgaria Europe 2.05 -25.48 12.46
Munich Germany Europe 2.94 -25.64 13.26
Vienna Austria Europe 3.11 -26.29 12.27
Warsaw Poland Europe 2.73 -27.38 20.01
Hamburg Germany Europe 4.16 -27.82 13.41
Saint Petersburg Russia Europe 3.52 -29.52 12.69
Berlin Germany Europe 3.58 -30.88 14.26
Aberdeen United Kingdom Europe 1.53 -33.67 11.00
Stockholm Sweden Europe 1.15 -33.99 11.39
Belfast United Kingdom Europe 1.78 -35.80 10.94
Newcastle on Tyne United Kingdom Europe 2.24 -36.25 13.68
Helsinki Finland Europe 1.33 -36.42 11.03
Copenhagen Denmark Europe 2.16 -37.40 12.39
Oslo Norway Europe 1.41 -37.45 12.87
Plymouth United Kingdom Europe 1.09 -38.96 16.30
Bordeaux France Europe 1.52 -39.24 9.56
Frankfurt Germany Europe 4.53 -39.46 12.69
Essen Germany Europe 7.50 -40.33 9.01
Venice Italy Europe 4.54 -40.83 9.19
Glasgow United Kingdom Europe 1.84 -42.80 12.67
Dublin Ireland Europe 1.43 -44.00 13.28
Naples Italy Europe 2.61 -44.12 8.38
Brussels Belgium Europe 5.35 -44.17 10.90
Lisbon Portugal Europe 1.89 -44.18 7.84
Lyons France Europe 2.20 -44.74 9.47
Leeds United Kingdom Europe 3.31 -46.76 16.20
Bristol United Kingdom Europe 2.36 -49.41 16.26
Rome Italy Europe 2.18 -50.06 6.75
Milan Italy Europe 7.30 -50.43 7.85
Athens Greece Europe 2.72 -50.54 8.48
Marseilles France Europe 1.99 -51.97 7.60
Birmingham United Kingdom Europe 3.29 -53.06 12.78
Barcelona Spain Europe 3.07 -53.20 6.44
Liverpool United Kingdom Europe 2.43 -53.56 21.87
Edinburgh United Kingdom Europe 1.70 -53.98 10.70
Madrid Spain Europe 3.88 -54.19 7.44
Paris France Europe 4.15 -55.90 9.78
London United Kingdom Europe 4.83 -56.51 11.85
Manchester United Kingdom Europe 3.87 -56.71 12.80
Moscow Russia Europe 7.53 -57.02 13.07