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Europe

There are large decreases in OMI NO2 levels from 2005 to 2016 over European cities, which are due to tightening vehicle emission standards.  The largest decreases (−45-−55%) occur over the major cities of the Iberian Peninsula (Madrid and Barcelona (Spain), Lisbon (Portugal)) and Athens (Greece).  Some of the decrease in Spain and Greece may have occurred as their economies have been slow to recover after the global economic recession that began in 2008.  Large decreases occurred over other major cities, such as Paris, London (United Kingdom), Moscow (Russia), and those in the Netherlands, Belgium, and the industrialized Po River Valley (Italy) and Ruhr region (Germany).

European Regional Changes in NO2, 2005-2016

Image Credit: 
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

The trend map of Europe shows the change in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from 2005 to 2016.

Data Colorbar

Regional Data

Select from the cities below to find data and plots specific to each location. To sort, simply click on one of the column headings.

Region: Europe
City Country Region 2020 Avg. NO2 Change (%) Uncertainty (±%)
Plymouth United Kingdom Europe 1.09 -38.96 16.30
Stockholm Sweden Europe 1.15 -33.99 11.39
Helsinki Finland Europe 1.33 -36.42 11.03
Oslo Norway Europe 1.41 -37.45 12.87
Dublin Ireland Europe 1.43 -44.00 13.28
Bordeaux France Europe 1.52 -39.24 9.56
Aberdeen United Kingdom Europe 1.53 -33.67 11.00
Edinburgh United Kingdom Europe 1.70 -53.98 10.70
Belfast United Kingdom Europe 1.78 -35.80 10.94
Glasgow United Kingdom Europe 1.84 -42.80 12.67
Lisbon Portugal Europe 1.89 -44.18 7.84
Odessa Ukraine Europe 1.94 -14.70 9.91
Marseilles France Europe 1.99 -51.97 7.60
Sofia Bulgaria Europe 2.05 -25.48 12.46
Copenhagen Denmark Europe 2.16 -37.40 12.39
Rome Italy Europe 2.18 -50.06 6.75
Lyons France Europe 2.20 -44.74 9.47
Newcastle on Tyne United Kingdom Europe 2.24 -36.25 13.68
Vladivostok Russia Europe 2.34 -8.69 15.61
Bristol United Kingdom Europe 2.36 -49.41 16.26
Liverpool United Kingdom Europe 2.43 -53.56 21.87
Naples Italy Europe 2.61 -44.12 8.38
Athens Greece Europe 2.72 -50.54 8.48
Reykjavik Iceland Europe 2.72 0.74 26.53
Warsaw Poland Europe 2.73 -27.38 20.01
Munich Germany Europe 2.94 -25.64 13.26
Zurich Switzerland Europe 2.96 -24.64 11.74
Bucharest Romania Europe 2.96 -19.36 8.54
Barcelona Spain Europe 3.07 -53.20 6.44
Vienna Austria Europe 3.11 -26.29 12.27
Budapest Hungary Europe 3.16 -24.70 11.68
Birmingham United Kingdom Europe 3.29 -53.06 12.78
Leeds United Kingdom Europe 3.31 -46.76 16.20
Belgrade Serbia Europe 3.32 -11.79 11.67
Saint Petersburg Russia Europe 3.52 -29.52 12.69
Prague Czech Republic Europe 3.57 -22.28 14.42
Berlin Germany Europe 3.58 -30.88 14.26
Manchester United Kingdom Europe 3.87 -56.71 12.80
Madrid Spain Europe 3.88 -54.19 7.44
Bremen Germany Europe 4.10 -22.20 13.14
Paris France Europe 4.15 -55.90 9.78
Hamburg Germany Europe 4.16 -27.82 13.41
Frankfurt Germany Europe 4.53 -39.46 12.69
Venice Italy Europe 4.54 -40.83 9.19
Amsterdam Netherlands Europe 4.83 -22.17 12.66
London United Kingdom Europe 4.83 -56.51 11.85
Brussels Belgium Europe 5.35 -44.17 10.90
Milan Italy Europe 7.30 -50.43 7.85
Essen Germany Europe 7.50 -40.33 9.01
Moscow Russia Europe 7.53 -57.02 13.07