Sorry, you need to enable JavaScript to visit this website.

Europe

There are large decreases in OMI NO2 levels from 2005 to 2016 over European cities, which are due to tightening vehicle emission standards.  The largest decreases (−45-−55%) occur over the major cities of the Iberian Peninsula (Madrid and Barcelona (Spain), Lisbon (Portugal)) and Athens (Greece).  Some of the decrease in Spain and Greece may have occurred as their economies have been slow to recover after the global economic recession that began in 2008.  Large decreases occurred over other major cities, such as Paris, London (United Kingdom), Moscow (Russia), and those in the Netherlands, Belgium, and the industrialized Po River Valley (Italy) and Ruhr region (Germany).

European Regional Changes in NO2, 2005-2016

Image Credit: 
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

The trend map of Europe shows the change in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from 2005 to 2016.

Data Colorbar

Regional Data

Select from the cities below to find data and plots specific to each location. To sort, simply click on one of the column headings.

Region: Europe
City Country Region 2020 Avg. NO2 Change (%) Uncertainty (±%)
Moscow Russia Europe 7.53 -57.02 13.07
Essen Germany Europe 7.50 -40.33 9.01
Milan Italy Europe 7.30 -50.43 7.85
Brussels Belgium Europe 5.35 -44.17 10.90
Amsterdam Netherlands Europe 4.83 -22.17 12.66
London United Kingdom Europe 4.83 -56.51 11.85
Venice Italy Europe 4.54 -40.83 9.19
Frankfurt Germany Europe 4.53 -39.46 12.69
Hamburg Germany Europe 4.16 -27.82 13.41
Paris France Europe 4.15 -55.90 9.78
Bremen Germany Europe 4.10 -22.20 13.14
Madrid Spain Europe 3.88 -54.19 7.44
Manchester United Kingdom Europe 3.87 -56.71 12.80
Berlin Germany Europe 3.58 -30.88 14.26
Prague Czech Republic Europe 3.57 -22.28 14.42
Saint Petersburg Russia Europe 3.52 -29.52 12.69
Belgrade Serbia Europe 3.32 -11.79 11.67
Leeds United Kingdom Europe 3.31 -46.76 16.20
Birmingham United Kingdom Europe 3.29 -53.06 12.78
Budapest Hungary Europe 3.16 -24.70 11.68
Vienna Austria Europe 3.11 -26.29 12.27
Barcelona Spain Europe 3.07 -53.20 6.44
Bucharest Romania Europe 2.96 -19.36 8.54
Zurich Switzerland Europe 2.96 -24.64 11.74
Munich Germany Europe 2.94 -25.64 13.26
Warsaw Poland Europe 2.73 -27.38 20.01
Reykjavik Iceland Europe 2.72 0.74 26.53
Athens Greece Europe 2.72 -50.54 8.48
Naples Italy Europe 2.61 -44.12 8.38
Liverpool United Kingdom Europe 2.43 -53.56 21.87
Bristol United Kingdom Europe 2.36 -49.41 16.26
Vladivostok Russia Europe 2.34 -8.69 15.61
Newcastle on Tyne United Kingdom Europe 2.24 -36.25 13.68
Lyons France Europe 2.20 -44.74 9.47
Rome Italy Europe 2.18 -50.06 6.75
Copenhagen Denmark Europe 2.16 -37.40 12.39
Sofia Bulgaria Europe 2.05 -25.48 12.46
Marseilles France Europe 1.99 -51.97 7.60
Odessa Ukraine Europe 1.94 -14.70 9.91
Lisbon Portugal Europe 1.89 -44.18 7.84
Glasgow United Kingdom Europe 1.84 -42.80 12.67
Belfast United Kingdom Europe 1.78 -35.80 10.94
Edinburgh United Kingdom Europe 1.70 -53.98 10.70
Aberdeen United Kingdom Europe 1.53 -33.67 11.00
Bordeaux France Europe 1.52 -39.24 9.56
Dublin Ireland Europe 1.43 -44.00 13.28
Oslo Norway Europe 1.41 -37.45 12.87
Helsinki Finland Europe 1.33 -36.42 11.03
Stockholm Sweden Europe 1.15 -33.99 11.39
Plymouth United Kingdom Europe 1.09 -38.96 16.30