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Europe

There are large decreases in OMI NO2 levels from 2005 to 2016 over European cities, which are due to tightening vehicle emission standards.  The largest decreases (−45-−55%) occur over the major cities of the Iberian Peninsula (Madrid and Barcelona (Spain), Lisbon (Portugal)) and Athens (Greece).  Some of the decrease in Spain and Greece may have occurred as their economies have been slow to recover after the global economic recession that began in 2008.  Large decreases occurred over other major cities, such as Paris, London (United Kingdom), Moscow (Russia), and those in the Netherlands, Belgium, and the industrialized Po River Valley (Italy) and Ruhr region (Germany).

European Regional Changes in NO2, 2005-2016

Image Credit: 
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

The trend map of Europe shows the change in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from 2005 to 2016.

Data Colorbar

Regional Data

Select from the cities below to find data and plots specific to each location. To sort, simply click on one of the column headings.

Region: Europe
City Country Region 2016 Avg. NO2 Change (%) Uncertainty (±%)
Vienna Austria Europe 4.47 -26.53 9.81
Brussels Belgium Europe 8.47 -29.00 12.31
Sofia Bulgaria Europe 2.45 -25.19 11.47
Zurich Switzerland Europe 4.02 -17.88 16.07
Prague Czech Republic Europe 4.69 -20.69 12.76
Munich Germany Europe 4.01 -29.20 16.58
Essen Germany Europe 11.65 -33.90 9.57
Bremen Germany Europe 4.82 -7.21 14.03
Berlin Germany Europe 4.79 -26.52 19.34
Frankfurt Germany Europe 7.96 -23.10 12.79
Hamburg Germany Europe 4.76 -17.68 12.56
Copenhagen Denmark Europe 3.33 -23.81 11.78
Madrid Spain Europe 7.73 -57.54 8.88
Barcelona Spain Europe 6.32 -48.30 7.63
Helsinki Finland Europe 2.25 -20.89 18.27
Bordeaux France Europe 2.48 -35.97 11.20
Paris France Europe 8.29 -49.67 11.14
Lyons France Europe 4.44 -43.72 11.02
Marseilles France Europe 3.79 -48.68 8.32
Aberdeen United Kingdom Europe 1.87 -22.75 14.71
Liverpool United Kingdom Europe 3.76 -33.34 22.86
Belfast United Kingdom Europe 1.90 -20.96 13.77
Newcastle on Tyne United Kingdom Europe 2.87 -29.20 14.62
London United Kingdom Europe 9.02 -45.00 11.02
Birmingham United Kingdom Europe 5.27 -41.50 14.65
Bristol United Kingdom Europe 3.49 -27.38 16.55
Glasgow United Kingdom Europe 2.31 -23.04 14.80
Manchester United Kingdom Europe 5.99 -32.71 14.54
Plymouth United Kingdom Europe 1.69 -28.60 18.39
Edinburgh United Kingdom Europe 2.74 -35.34 12.86
Leeds United Kingdom Europe 6.13 -27.16 13.23
Athens Greece Europe 4.22 -59.09 8.89
Budapest Hungary Europe 4.39 -28.03 11.47
Dublin Ireland Europe 1.92 -43.83 15.16
Reykjavik Iceland Europe 0.31 13.11 28.45
Venice Italy Europe 6.73 -29.75 10.69
Milan Italy Europe 11.19 -47.59 9.94
Rome Italy Europe 3.46 -49.66 7.76
Naples Italy Europe 3.59 -47.41 8.97
Amsterdam Netherlands Europe 8.44 -24.16 11.36
Oslo Norway Europe 2.36 -21.24 16.36
Warsaw Poland Europe 4.59 -6.24 12.19
Lisbon Portugal Europe 3.93 -55.85 8.83
Bucharest Romania Europe 2.95 -20.82 8.04
Belgrade Serbia Europe 2.96 -10.80 16.05
Moscow Russia Europe 11.34 -36.68 20.11
Saint Petersburg Russia Europe 5.62 -26.29 11.82
Vladivostok Russia Europe 2.08 -4.38 12.22
Stockholm Sweden Europe 2.11 -11.29 13.23
Odessa Ukraine Europe 2.07 -8.11 11.92