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Europe

There are large decreases in OMI NO2 levels from 2005 to 2016 over European cities, which are due to tightening vehicle emission standards.  The largest decreases (−45-−55%) occur over the major cities of the Iberian Peninsula (Madrid and Barcelona (Spain), Lisbon (Portugal)) and Athens (Greece).  Some of the decrease in Spain and Greece may have occurred as their economies have been slow to recover after the global economic recession that began in 2008.  Large decreases occurred over other major cities, such as Paris, London (United Kingdom), Moscow (Russia), and those in the Netherlands, Belgium, and the industrialized Po River Valley (Italy) and Ruhr region (Germany).

European Regional Changes in NO2, 2005-2016

Image Credit: 
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

The trend map of Europe shows the change in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from 2005 to 2016.

Data Colorbar

Regional Data

Select from the cities below to find data and plots specific to each location. To sort, simply click on one of the column headings.

Region: Europe
City Country Region 2016 Avg. NO2 Change (%) Uncertainty (±%)
Aberdeen United Kingdom Europe 1.87 -22.75 14.71
Bordeaux France Europe 2.48 -35.97 11.20
Belgrade Serbia Europe 2.96 -10.80 16.05
Vienna Austria Europe 4.47 -26.53 9.81
Venice Italy Europe 6.73 -29.75 10.69
Liverpool United Kingdom Europe 3.76 -33.34 22.86
Munich Germany Europe 4.01 -29.20 16.58
Odessa Ukraine Europe 2.07 -8.11 11.92
Helsinki Finland Europe 2.25 -20.89 18.27
Bucharest Romania Europe 2.95 -20.82 8.04
Dublin Ireland Europe 1.92 -43.83 15.16
Belfast United Kingdom Europe 1.90 -20.96 13.77
Essen Germany Europe 11.65 -33.90 9.57
Madrid Spain Europe 7.73 -57.54 8.88
Brussels Belgium Europe 8.47 -29.00 12.31
Amsterdam Netherlands Europe 8.44 -24.16 11.36
Newcastle on Tyne United Kingdom Europe 2.87 -29.20 14.62
Bremen Germany Europe 4.82 -7.21 14.03
London United Kingdom Europe 9.02 -45.00 11.02
Paris France Europe 8.29 -49.67 11.14
Moscow Russia Europe 11.34 -36.68 20.11
Milan Italy Europe 11.19 -47.59 9.94
Birmingham United Kingdom Europe 5.27 -41.50 14.65
Berlin Germany Europe 4.79 -26.52 19.34
Barcelona Spain Europe 6.32 -48.30 7.63
Sofia Bulgaria Europe 2.45 -25.19 11.47
Oslo Norway Europe 2.36 -21.24 16.36
Bristol United Kingdom Europe 3.49 -27.38 16.55
Athens Greece Europe 4.22 -59.09 8.89
Glasgow United Kingdom Europe 2.31 -23.04 14.80
Lyons France Europe 4.44 -43.72 11.02
Saint Petersburg Russia Europe 5.62 -26.29 11.82
Rome Italy Europe 3.46 -49.66 7.76
Manchester United Kingdom Europe 5.99 -32.71 14.54
Frankfurt Germany Europe 7.96 -23.10 12.79
Stockholm Sweden Europe 2.11 -11.29 13.23
Prague Czech Republic Europe 4.69 -20.69 12.76
Warsaw Poland Europe 4.59 -6.24 12.19
Plymouth United Kingdom Europe 1.69 -28.60 18.39
Budapest Hungary Europe 4.39 -28.03 11.47
Edinburgh United Kingdom Europe 2.74 -35.34 12.86
Marseilles France Europe 3.79 -48.68 8.32
Vladivostok Russia Europe 2.08 -4.38 12.22
Naples Italy Europe 3.59 -47.41 8.97
Leeds United Kingdom Europe 6.13 -27.16 13.23
Hamburg Germany Europe 4.76 -17.68 12.56
Zurich Switzerland Europe 4.02 -17.88 16.07
Copenhagen Denmark Europe 3.33 -23.81 11.78
Lisbon Portugal Europe 3.93 -55.85 8.83
Reykjavik Iceland Europe 0.31 13.11 28.45