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Europe

There are large decreases in OMI NO2 levels from 2005 to 2016 over European cities, which are due to tightening vehicle emission standards.  The largest decreases (−45-−55%) occur over the major cities of the Iberian Peninsula (Madrid and Barcelona (Spain), Lisbon (Portugal)) and Athens (Greece).  Some of the decrease in Spain and Greece may have occurred as their economies have been slow to recover after the global economic recession that began in 2008.  Large decreases occurred over other major cities, such as Paris, London (United Kingdom), Moscow (Russia), and those in the Netherlands, Belgium, and the industrialized Po River Valley (Italy) and Ruhr region (Germany).

European Regional Changes in NO2, 2005-2016

Image Credit: 
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

The trend map of Europe shows the change in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from 2005 to 2016.

Data Colorbar

Regional Data

Select from the cities below to find data and plots specific to each location. To sort, simply click on one of the column headings.

Region: Europe
City Country Region 2016 Avg. NO2 Change (%) Uncertainty (±%)
Bordeaux France Europe 2.48 -35.97 11.20
Aberdeen United Kingdom Europe 1.87 -22.75 14.71
Vienna Austria Europe 4.47 -26.53 9.81
Belgrade Serbia Europe 2.96 -10.80 16.05
Venice Italy Europe 6.73 -29.75 10.69
Munich Germany Europe 4.01 -29.20 16.58
Liverpool United Kingdom Europe 3.76 -33.34 22.86
Helsinki Finland Europe 2.25 -20.89 18.27
Odessa Ukraine Europe 2.07 -8.11 11.92
Bucharest Romania Europe 2.95 -20.82 8.04
Dublin Ireland Europe 1.92 -43.83 15.16
Essen Germany Europe 11.65 -33.90 9.57
Belfast United Kingdom Europe 1.90 -20.96 13.77
Brussels Belgium Europe 8.47 -29.00 12.31
Madrid Spain Europe 7.73 -57.54 8.88
Amsterdam Netherlands Europe 8.44 -24.16 11.36
Bremen Germany Europe 4.82 -7.21 14.03
Newcastle on Tyne United Kingdom Europe 2.87 -29.20 14.62
Paris France Europe 8.29 -49.67 11.14
London United Kingdom Europe 9.02 -45.00 11.02
Moscow Russia Europe 11.34 -36.68 20.11
Milan Italy Europe 11.19 -47.59 9.94
Berlin Germany Europe 4.79 -26.52 19.34
Birmingham United Kingdom Europe 5.27 -41.50 14.65
Sofia Bulgaria Europe 2.45 -25.19 11.47
Barcelona Spain Europe 6.32 -48.30 7.63
Oslo Norway Europe 2.36 -21.24 16.36
Athens Greece Europe 4.22 -59.09 8.89
Bristol United Kingdom Europe 3.49 -27.38 16.55
Lyons France Europe 4.44 -43.72 11.02
Glasgow United Kingdom Europe 2.31 -23.04 14.80
Saint Petersburg Russia Europe 5.62 -26.29 11.82
Rome Italy Europe 3.46 -49.66 7.76
Frankfurt Germany Europe 7.96 -23.10 12.79
Manchester United Kingdom Europe 5.99 -32.71 14.54
Prague Czech Republic Europe 4.69 -20.69 12.76
Stockholm Sweden Europe 2.11 -11.29 13.23
Warsaw Poland Europe 4.59 -6.24 12.19
Budapest Hungary Europe 4.39 -28.03 11.47
Plymouth United Kingdom Europe 1.69 -28.60 18.39
Marseilles France Europe 3.79 -48.68 8.32
Edinburgh United Kingdom Europe 2.74 -35.34 12.86
Vladivostok Russia Europe 2.08 -4.38 12.22
Naples Italy Europe 3.59 -47.41 8.97
Hamburg Germany Europe 4.76 -17.68 12.56
Leeds United Kingdom Europe 6.13 -27.16 13.23
Copenhagen Denmark Europe 3.33 -23.81 11.78
Zurich Switzerland Europe 4.02 -17.88 16.07
Lisbon Portugal Europe 3.93 -55.85 8.83
Reykjavik Iceland Europe 0.31 13.11 28.45