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Europe

There are large decreases in OMI NO2 levels from 2005 to 2016 over European cities, which are due to tightening vehicle emission standards.  The largest decreases (−45-−55%) occur over the major cities of the Iberian Peninsula (Madrid and Barcelona (Spain), Lisbon (Portugal)) and Athens (Greece).  Some of the decrease in Spain and Greece may have occurred as their economies have been slow to recover after the global economic recession that began in 2008.  Large decreases occurred over other major cities, such as Paris, London (United Kingdom), Moscow (Russia), and those in the Netherlands, Belgium, and the industrialized Po River Valley (Italy) and Ruhr region (Germany).

European Regional Changes in NO2, 2005-2016

Image Credit: 
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

The trend map of Europe shows the change in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from 2005 to 2016.

Data Colorbar

Regional Data

Select from the cities below to find data and plots specific to each location. To sort, simply click on one of the column headings.

Region: Europe
City Country Region 2020 Avg. NO2 Change (%) Uncertainty (±%)
Vienna Austria Europe 3.11 -26.29 12.27
Brussels Belgium Europe 5.35 -44.17 10.90
Sofia Bulgaria Europe 2.05 -25.48 12.46
Prague Czech Republic Europe 3.57 -22.28 14.42
Copenhagen Denmark Europe 2.16 -37.40 12.39
Helsinki Finland Europe 1.33 -36.42 11.03
Paris France Europe 4.15 -55.90 9.78
Lyons France Europe 2.20 -44.74 9.47
Marseilles France Europe 1.99 -51.97 7.60
Bordeaux France Europe 1.52 -39.24 9.56
Essen Germany Europe 7.50 -40.33 9.01
Berlin Germany Europe 3.58 -30.88 14.26
Frankfurt Germany Europe 4.53 -39.46 12.69
Hamburg Germany Europe 4.16 -27.82 13.41
Munich Germany Europe 2.94 -25.64 13.26
Bremen Germany Europe 4.10 -22.20 13.14
Athens Greece Europe 2.72 -50.54 8.48
Budapest Hungary Europe 3.16 -24.70 11.68
Reykjavik Iceland Europe 2.72 0.74 26.53
Dublin Ireland Europe 1.43 -44.00 13.28
Milan Italy Europe 7.30 -50.43 7.85
Rome Italy Europe 2.18 -50.06 6.75
Naples Italy Europe 2.61 -44.12 8.38
Venice Italy Europe 4.54 -40.83 9.19
Amsterdam Netherlands Europe 4.83 -22.17 12.66
Oslo Norway Europe 1.41 -37.45 12.87
Warsaw Poland Europe 2.73 -27.38 20.01
Lisbon Portugal Europe 1.89 -44.18 7.84
Bucharest Romania Europe 2.96 -19.36 8.54
Moscow Russia Europe 7.53 -57.02 13.07
Saint Petersburg Russia Europe 3.52 -29.52 12.69
Vladivostok Russia Europe 2.34 -8.69 15.61
Belgrade Serbia Europe 3.32 -11.79 11.67
Madrid Spain Europe 3.88 -54.19 7.44
Barcelona Spain Europe 3.07 -53.20 6.44
Stockholm Sweden Europe 1.15 -33.99 11.39
Zurich Switzerland Europe 2.96 -24.64 11.74
Odessa Ukraine Europe 1.94 -14.70 9.91
London United Kingdom Europe 4.83 -56.51 11.85
Glasgow United Kingdom Europe 1.84 -42.80 12.67
Edinburgh United Kingdom Europe 1.70 -53.98 10.70
Aberdeen United Kingdom Europe 1.53 -33.67 11.00
Belfast United Kingdom Europe 1.78 -35.80 10.94
Birmingham United Kingdom Europe 3.29 -53.06 12.78
Manchester United Kingdom Europe 3.87 -56.71 12.80
Leeds United Kingdom Europe 3.31 -46.76 16.20
Liverpool United Kingdom Europe 2.43 -53.56 21.87
Newcastle on Tyne United Kingdom Europe 2.24 -36.25 13.68
Bristol United Kingdom Europe 2.36 -49.41 16.26
Plymouth United Kingdom Europe 1.09 -38.96 16.30