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Europe

There are large decreases in OMI NO2 levels from 2005 to 2016 over European cities, which are due to tightening vehicle emission standards.  The largest decreases (−45-−55%) occur over the major cities of the Iberian Peninsula (Madrid and Barcelona (Spain), Lisbon (Portugal)) and Athens (Greece).  Some of the decrease in Spain and Greece may have occurred as their economies have been slow to recover after the global economic recession that began in 2008.  Large decreases occurred over other major cities, such as Paris, London (United Kingdom), Moscow (Russia), and those in the Netherlands, Belgium, and the industrialized Po River Valley (Italy) and Ruhr region (Germany).

European Regional Changes in NO2, 2005-2016

Image Credit: 
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

The trend map of Europe shows the change in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from 2005 to 2016.

Data Colorbar

Regional Data

Select from the cities below to find data and plots specific to each location. To sort, simply click on one of the column headings.

Region: Europe
City Country Region 2016 Avg. NO2 Change (%) Uncertainty (±%)
Aberdeen United Kingdom Europe 1.87 -22.75 14.71
Amsterdam Netherlands Europe 8.44 -24.16 11.36
Athens Greece Europe 4.22 -59.09 8.89
Barcelona Spain Europe 6.32 -48.30 7.63
Belfast United Kingdom Europe 1.90 -20.96 13.77
Belgrade Serbia Europe 2.96 -10.80 16.05
Berlin Germany Europe 4.79 -26.52 19.34
Birmingham United Kingdom Europe 5.27 -41.50 14.65
Bordeaux France Europe 2.48 -35.97 11.20
Bremen Germany Europe 4.82 -7.21 14.03
Bristol United Kingdom Europe 3.49 -27.38 16.55
Brussels Belgium Europe 8.47 -29.00 12.31
Bucharest Romania Europe 2.95 -20.82 8.04
Budapest Hungary Europe 4.39 -28.03 11.47
Copenhagen Denmark Europe 3.33 -23.81 11.78
Dublin Ireland Europe 1.92 -43.83 15.16
Edinburgh United Kingdom Europe 2.74 -35.34 12.86
Essen Germany Europe 11.65 -33.90 9.57
Frankfurt Germany Europe 7.96 -23.10 12.79
Glasgow United Kingdom Europe 2.31 -23.04 14.80
Hamburg Germany Europe 4.76 -17.68 12.56
Helsinki Finland Europe 2.25 -20.89 18.27
Leeds United Kingdom Europe 6.13 -27.16 13.23
Lisbon Portugal Europe 3.93 -55.85 8.83
Liverpool United Kingdom Europe 3.76 -33.34 22.86
London United Kingdom Europe 9.02 -45.00 11.02
Lyons France Europe 4.44 -43.72 11.02
Madrid Spain Europe 7.73 -57.54 8.88
Manchester United Kingdom Europe 5.99 -32.71 14.54
Marseilles France Europe 3.79 -48.68 8.32
Milan Italy Europe 11.19 -47.59 9.94
Moscow Russia Europe 11.34 -36.68 20.11
Munich Germany Europe 4.01 -29.20 16.58
Naples Italy Europe 3.59 -47.41 8.97
Newcastle on Tyne United Kingdom Europe 2.87 -29.20 14.62
Odessa Ukraine Europe 2.07 -8.11 11.92
Oslo Norway Europe 2.36 -21.24 16.36
Paris France Europe 8.29 -49.67 11.14
Plymouth United Kingdom Europe 1.69 -28.60 18.39
Prague Czech Republic Europe 4.69 -20.69 12.76
Reykjavik Iceland Europe 0.31 13.11 28.45
Rome Italy Europe 3.46 -49.66 7.76
Saint Petersburg Russia Europe 5.62 -26.29 11.82
Sofia Bulgaria Europe 2.45 -25.19 11.47
Stockholm Sweden Europe 2.11 -11.29 13.23
Venice Italy Europe 6.73 -29.75 10.69
Vienna Austria Europe 4.47 -26.53 9.81
Vladivostok Russia Europe 2.08 -4.38 12.22
Warsaw Poland Europe 4.59 -6.24 12.19
Zurich Switzerland Europe 4.02 -17.88 16.07