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Europe

There are large decreases in OMI NO2 levels from 2005 to 2016 over European cities, which are due to tightening vehicle emission standards.  The largest decreases (−45-−55%) occur over the major cities of the Iberian Peninsula (Madrid and Barcelona (Spain), Lisbon (Portugal)) and Athens (Greece).  Some of the decrease in Spain and Greece may have occurred as their economies have been slow to recover after the global economic recession that began in 2008.  Large decreases occurred over other major cities, such as Paris, London (United Kingdom), Moscow (Russia), and those in the Netherlands, Belgium, and the industrialized Po River Valley (Italy) and Ruhr region (Germany).

European Regional Changes in NO2, 2005-2016

Image Credit: 
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

The trend map of Europe shows the change in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from 2005 to 2016.

Data Colorbar

Regional Data

Select from the cities below to find data and plots specific to each location. To sort, simply click on one of the column headings.

Region: Europe
City Country Region 2020 Avg. NO2 Change (%) Uncertainty (±%)
Zurich Switzerland Europe 2.96 -24.64 11.74
Warsaw Poland Europe 2.73 -27.38 20.01
Vladivostok Russia Europe 2.34 -8.69 15.61
Vienna Austria Europe 3.11 -26.29 12.27
Venice Italy Europe 4.54 -40.83 9.19
Stockholm Sweden Europe 1.15 -33.99 11.39
Sofia Bulgaria Europe 2.05 -25.48 12.46
Saint Petersburg Russia Europe 3.52 -29.52 12.69
Rome Italy Europe 2.18 -50.06 6.75
Reykjavik Iceland Europe 2.72 0.74 26.53
Prague Czech Republic Europe 3.57 -22.28 14.42
Plymouth United Kingdom Europe 1.09 -38.96 16.30
Paris France Europe 4.15 -55.90 9.78
Oslo Norway Europe 1.41 -37.45 12.87
Odessa Ukraine Europe 1.94 -14.70 9.91
Newcastle on Tyne United Kingdom Europe 2.24 -36.25 13.68
Naples Italy Europe 2.61 -44.12 8.38
Munich Germany Europe 2.94 -25.64 13.26
Moscow Russia Europe 7.53 -57.02 13.07
Milan Italy Europe 7.30 -50.43 7.85
Marseilles France Europe 1.99 -51.97 7.60
Manchester United Kingdom Europe 3.87 -56.71 12.80
Madrid Spain Europe 3.88 -54.19 7.44
Lyons France Europe 2.20 -44.74 9.47
London United Kingdom Europe 4.83 -56.51 11.85
Liverpool United Kingdom Europe 2.43 -53.56 21.87
Lisbon Portugal Europe 1.89 -44.18 7.84
Leeds United Kingdom Europe 3.31 -46.76 16.20
Helsinki Finland Europe 1.33 -36.42 11.03
Hamburg Germany Europe 4.16 -27.82 13.41
Glasgow United Kingdom Europe 1.84 -42.80 12.67
Frankfurt Germany Europe 4.53 -39.46 12.69
Essen Germany Europe 7.50 -40.33 9.01
Edinburgh United Kingdom Europe 1.70 -53.98 10.70
Dublin Ireland Europe 1.43 -44.00 13.28
Copenhagen Denmark Europe 2.16 -37.40 12.39
Budapest Hungary Europe 3.16 -24.70 11.68
Bucharest Romania Europe 2.96 -19.36 8.54
Brussels Belgium Europe 5.35 -44.17 10.90
Bristol United Kingdom Europe 2.36 -49.41 16.26
Bremen Germany Europe 4.10 -22.20 13.14
Bordeaux France Europe 1.52 -39.24 9.56
Birmingham United Kingdom Europe 3.29 -53.06 12.78
Berlin Germany Europe 3.58 -30.88 14.26
Belgrade Serbia Europe 3.32 -11.79 11.67
Belfast United Kingdom Europe 1.78 -35.80 10.94
Barcelona Spain Europe 3.07 -53.20 6.44
Athens Greece Europe 2.72 -50.54 8.48
Amsterdam Netherlands Europe 4.83 -22.17 12.66
Aberdeen United Kingdom Europe 1.53 -33.67 11.00